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[ecrea] Call for submissions - Theme issue on:“War and communicational innovation: 2000-2017”.
Sun Mar 11 21:32:12 GMT 2018
Call for submissions
/Signes, Discours et Société /Review, n°20, 2018. Theme issue on:“War
and communicational innovation: 2000-2017”.
The development of modern communication is linked to the history of
armed conflicts in the 20th century. Its engineering devices have been
used to compel civilians into war effort, or to persuade soldiers to
take part in the fight. Communicational techniques have therefore
initially been conceived and enhanced under regimes in war exception
state, before being re-employed as means of social control in times of
peace (Mattelart, 1992, 2007). This thematic issue of /Signes, discours
et société /seeks to analyse communicational innovation sprung from war
laboratories since the beginning of the 2000s. Against optimistic views
that, in the 1990s, considered that the grounding of an “information
society” (Breton, 1997) could possibly lead to perpetual peace,
contemporary history shows not only that wars endure, but that
techniques aiming at “consent producing” are still experimented.
Acknowledging the evolution of informational devices and uses since the
21^st century and considering the internationalisation of
“counter-terrorism” politics and the evolution of conflicts since the
“Arab spring” uprisings, the authors are invited to propose a
contribution according to one of the following research lines.
*1)**Negotiating the meaning of conflicts online*
The use of online platforms (digital social networks, Youtube) enables
war-makers and their supporters to give armed conflicts a visibility,
but also to engage in discussions on their ongoing. Web users thus
threaten the traditional control and its logic of secrecy with which
political authorities handle war communication. Considering the
development of online spaces for the discussion and representation of
conflicts, how do armies strive to negotiate the meaning of warfare? To
what extent, both theoretically and in terms of practice, does the
circulation of war representations on the Internet reconfigure the
informational strategies between war-makers?
*2)**Justifying war to external audiences*
Official external communication from the states is historically linked
to war issues. Governments, through transnational medias, aim at foreign
audiences, either for justifying the use of “legitimate” violence,
either to jeopardize the enemy’s moral support. From this point of view,
the focus will be on the emergence of new devices for international
communication (digital, radio, televisual) to export warfare or, on the
contrary, contain the incoming flow of information from the enemy. How
have governments and states, since the beginning of the 2000s,
reorganised their international communication in order to convince
foreign audiences of the rightfulness of their military engagement? What
do they apply, on the other hand, both on technical and legal grounds,
so as to “secure” their national reception spaces?
*3)**Digitizing the moral component of war*
Since 2005, computational social sciences are more systematically used
by the main Anglo-Saxon military powers in order to analyse the
societies involved in the conflicts. Big data and computer algorithms
allow to model the behaviour of civil populations and to chart networks
of fighters. Feelings, values and emotions are thus included in the
digital encoding of war’s moral dimensions. These computing tools then
guide the armies in their battleground operations and make the
conception of precisely shaped communicational strategies possible.
Acknowledging this “human field digitisation”, the evolution of
cognitive and informational systems used by armies as guidance tools
within populations will be inquired into. How have connected computing
and computational sciences been used by armies since the beginning of
the 2000s? To what extent does their use modify the projections, the
forecast and the conduct of armed conflicts?
*4)**From warfare to social control*
War-born informational and communicational innovations, among which
stand information technologies (i.e. GPS tracking) as well as “consent
engineering”, are reused in times of peace. Considering this conversion,
the implementation, in times of peace, of technologies meant for social
control, created and enhanced during wartime, will be looked into. This
conversion can be examined, for instance, considering the states of
permanent emergency decreed in the wake of counter-terrorism security
policies. Since the 2000s, what logics have been driving the
reconversion of war-born and war-experimented information technologies?
How does the continuum between internal and external security allows to
implement and justify governmentality devices?
Boëx (Cécile), « La vidéo comme outil de l’action collective et de la
lutte armée », in Burgat (François), Paoli (Bruno), dir., /Pas de
printemps pour la Syrie/, La découverte, 2013, pp. 172-184.
Breton (Philippe), /L’utopie de la communication/. La découverte, 1997.
Chamayou (Grégoire), /Théorie du drone/, La Fabrique Éditions, 2013.
Charon (Jean-Marie), Mercier (Arnaud), coord., /Armes de communication
massives. Informations de guerre en Irak : 1991-2003/, CNRS Éd., 2004.
Gonzales (Roberto J.), /Militarizing the culture. Essays on the warfare
state/. Left coast press, 2010.
Couteau-Bégarie (Hervé), dir., /Les médias et la guerre/, Paris
Kempf (Olivier), /Alliances et mésalliances dans le cyberespace/.
Koch (Olivier), « De la géopolitique de l’information télévisuelle à la
géopolitique des réseaux », /in/ Koch (Olivier), Mattelart (Tristan),
dir., /Géopolitique des télévisions transnationales /d/’information/.
Mare& Martin, coll. Media critic, 2016, pp. 247-266.
Mattelart (Armand), /La communication-monde/. La découverte, 1992.
Mattelart (Armand), /La globalisation de la surveillance/. La
Mattelart (Tristan), /Le cheval de Troie audiovisuel/. PUG, 2013.
Sage (Michel), « Les militaires dans l’espace public numérique », /in/
Letonturier (Eric), dir., « Guerres, Armées et Communication ».
/Hermés/, CNRS éditions, 2017, pp. 115-130.
The /Signes, discours et société/ Review calls for recent analyzes and
original contributions on the issues mentioned above. Proposals in
french or in english (3000 signs spaces not included) indicating
problematic and methodology should be sent to Olivier Koch by 15th of
April 2018. Address: (koches1 /at/ yahoo.fr) <mailto:(koches1 /at/ yahoo.fr)>
Submission of abstracts: 15th of April, 2018.
Notification to authors about acceptance: 7th May, 2018.
Final article submission: 30th of August 2018.
Publication : 30th of October, 2018.
Michel Bourse, Galatasaray University.
David Douyère, Tours University.
Tristan Mattelart, Paris II University.
Arnaud Mercier, Paris II University.
Pierre Mœglin, Paris XIII University.
Jacques Walter, Lorraine University.
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