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[ecrea] CFP "Media and Attacks", Le Temps des médias. Revue d'histoire
Thu Nov 16 11:30:12 GMT 2017
/Le Temps des médias. Revue d’histoire/
Call for papers
*Media and attacks (provisional title)*
A terrorist attack seeks to destroy a hostile figure; generally, it also
seeks media coverage and impact: posterity will preserve via images the
memory of its political objective. Yet attacks against a national
community generate media coverage whose scale generally seeks to slake
with the incessant thirst for news from the public (Lefébure & Sécail,
ed. 2016). This raises the question: how to provide information without
playing into the hands of propaganda? In France, since 2015 the debate
on media coverage of such attacks has intensified following criticisms
from media regulatory authorities, or from individualcitizens or
victims' associations. It is therefore important to consider this
feature of media coverage as an object in its own right (Garcin-Marrou
2003, Dayan 2006, Bugnon 2015) and to understand, from a historical
perspective, how the attacks highlight various perspectives of society
over time(Frau-Meigs 2005, Truc 2016).
The notion of such an attack is not easy to define and refers to a broad
spectrum of events whose particular logic can vary according to context,
the means employed by their perpetrators and the aims of the attack.
From the first tyrannicides in ancient Greece to the terrorist attacks
of today, we shall adopt a broad meaning of the term based on two main
criteria: the eruption of violence in a public space and the political
aim of the act. The terrorist attack appears more specifically in the
revolutionary context of the late eighteenth century and hemps modify
the very nature of the event: at stake is not just the target of the
attack itself but also the disintegration of the existing political
system, or even the advent of a new system. Over and beyond the
specifics of these "singular terrorist events", a link may well exist
between the revolutionary "terror" of 1793-94, the acts of "propaganda
by deed" (“propagande par le fait”) of the anarchists in the nineteenth
century, the attacks of the extreme left or extreme right in the 1970s,
the attacks of independence-focussed organizations or"jihadist
terrorism" which has increased since the 2000s.
As with tyrannicide (Cottret 2009), there is a history of terrorism
(Sommier 2000, Ferragu 2014). However, the history of the mediatisation
of this "propaganda by the fact" is largely unwritten. This special
issue of /Le Temps des médias. Revue d’histoire/aims to help contribute
to filling this gap by identifying the issues of the publicization of
events classified under this category of "attack". There is indeed a
need to understand the way media focus on attacks at different times and
thus identify them to their contemporaries. Because the "media aspect "
could possibly induce an over-contemporary periodisation of the object,
we consider more broadly the notion of "publicisation"; this refers
rather to the visibility of the attacks and to a form of
"proto-conscience" of the effects of how they were conveyed to their
publics. Thus, the study of oral (tales, songs, public readings...) or
material (statues, steles, etc.) media and mediations of stories, which
whether dating back to Antiquity or the Middle Ages, is relevant for
How and under what conditions does the eruption of political violence
emerge in media narratives? Does the terrorist event refer to a specific
category of news? Does the figure of the threat, from the regicide to
the terrorist, proceed from a narrative distinct from those of other
types of criminal threats? As to reception, how do citizens react to
media coverage? Does the media coverage of terrorist events elicit
specific emotions over time? How do the attacks shape the imagination of
contemporaries and, if so, stimulate political discourse?
The aims of this issue are numerous. First, proposals may be devoted to
characterizing the forms of media treatment of certain attacks and how
they evolve in various national contexts and periods. A second objective
is to establish to what extent the terrorist event has a character of
"media exceptionality" compared to other types of attack. Finally, we
shall also consider the study of how media inform their audiences as
they first latch on to and then debate terrorist events in the public space.
Synchronic or diachronic propositions may include, but are not limited to:
* The specific media coverage of certain attacks in France or other
* The narrative categories of attacks in terms of novelty or
recurrence of their operating methods (blind attack, suicide
* The place of certain figures (victims, terrorists, experts, police,
etc.) in the media stories;
* The conditions of news-making in terrorist contexts;
* The various devices and status of materials used in media stories
(amateur images, propaganda images, etc.)
* The way in which terrorist events inspire fiction and cultural
productions (cinema, television series, music videos and songs, etc.);
* The public's reactions to events and the way their words feature in
* Temporalities and processes of memorization of attacks: how the
event emerges, the moment of the trial of the perpetrators,
commemorations by or in the media; etc
This list is not exhaustive. Any period, any national area and type of
media or mediation may be studied (pamphets, press, poster, radio,
television, cinema, posters, photos, songs, web, social networks, etc.).
However, we are not concerned with two perspectives which are too broad
for this issue: on the one hand, the issue of relations between media
and terrorism without any direct relationship to specific events and
their impacts; on the other hand, terrorist propaganda as such
(organization, rhetorical, strategic and ideological forces).
Bugnon Fanny, /Les « Amazones de la terreur »: sur la violence politique
des femmes, de la Fraction armée rouge à Action directe/, Paris, Payot,
Cottret Monique, /Tuer le tyran? Le tyrannicide dans l'Europe moderne/,
Paris, Fayard, 2009.
Dayan Daniel (ed.), /La Terreur spectacle. Terrorisme et télévision/,
Louvain-la-Neuve, De Boeck, 2006.
Ferragu Gilles, /Histoire du terrorisme/, Paris, Perrin, 2014.
Frau-Meigs Divina, /Qui a détourné le 11 Septembre? Journalisme,
information et démocratie aux Etats-Unis/, Louvain-la-Neuve, De
Garcin-Marrou Isabelle, /Terrorisme, médias et démocratie, /Lyon,
Presses universitaires de Lyon, 2001.
Lefébure Pierre, Sécail Claire (ed.), /Le défi Charlie. Les médias à
l’épreuve des attentats/, Paris, Lemieux éditeur, 2016.
Sommier Isabelle, /Le terrorisme/, Paris, Flammarion, 2000.
Truc Gérôme, /Sidérations. Une sociologie des attentats/, Paris, Puf, 2016.
Proposals including a 400-word abstract (in French, English or Italian),
author’s full name, affiliation, and contact details (as a Word .doc
attachment) should be submitted before _April 30th, 2018_, to the three
· Maëlle Bazin, Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas (CARISM):
(bazinmael /at/ gmail.com) <mailto:(bazinmael /at/ gmail.com)>
· Gilles Ferragu, Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense (ISP):
(gilles.ferragu /at/ u-paris10.fr) <mailto:(gilles.ferragu /at/ u-paris10.fr)>
· Claire Sécail, CNRS (LCP-IRISSO): (claire.secail /at/ dauphine.fr)
<mailto:(claire.secail /at/ dauphine.fr)>
Completed articles (approximately 35,000 characters) to be sent _by
December 1, 2018_. They will then be reviewed, double blind; by the
editorial board of the journal as well as external reviewers.
NB: Please note, the final articles have to be submitted _in French_
andwill have to respect the journal standards:
April 30, 2018: deadline for submission of proposals
Mid-May 2018: selection and return to authors
1st December 2018: submission of article by author - for review
February 2019: return to the author for possible modifications
End of April 2019: submission of article modified by author
Fall 2019: publication of the special issue
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