Archive for publications, December 2018

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[Commlist] Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media 16.2 published

Thu Dec 13 00:13:02 GMT 2018

Intellect is pleased to announce that Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media 16.2 is now available! For more information about the issue, click here >> <>


A note from the editor
Authors: Mia Lindgren

Guy Starkey (1959–2018)
Authors: Andrew Crisell

Up in the air? The matter of radio studies
Authors: Kate Lacey

This article is based on the keynote lecture presented to the Radio Conference 2018, and offers a review of the field of radio studies in the decade since the publication in this journal of ‘Ten years of radio studies: The very idea!’. While still wary of the limitations of ‘the very idea’ of radio studies and indeed of ‘radio’ itself, this article finds research in the field to be international, interdisciplinary and intermedial, and well placed to engage in the most pressing political and theoretical questions about contemporary media and communication.

Indigenous radio and digital media: Tautoko FM’s national and transnational audiences
Authors: Joost De Bruin And Jo Mane

In this article, we posit that Māori radio as it is structured in Aotearoa/New Zealand is at the same time national, international and transnational. Based on a research project that we carried out with the radio station Tautoko FM, we show that this station caters for national Ngāpuhi audiences, that it engages in international networking with other iwi-based radio stations and that it has invested in transnational connections with diasporic audiences. As a result, it has constructed a public sphere for both national and transnational indigenous audiences. This is facilitated by the changing nature of radio as a medium, which is evolving into a multimedia experience incorporating broadcasting, live streaming, websites and social media. Māori radio in Aotearoa/New Zealand is one example of a global trend in which indigenous communities have adapted new media technologies to re-centre notions of national identity. The digital media landscape allows them to form indigenous media networks, to narrate indigenous experiences in new ways and to acquire attention for indigenous struggles.

Radio regulation and market strategies in Portugal: Towards the consolidation and musicalization of operations
Authors: Elsa Costa e Silva

Radio market in Portugal has been consistently portrayed as being economically fragile with financial weaknesses. A new radio law, passed in 2010, significantly reshaped the scope of radio activity and changed concentration restrictions, thus placing Portugal in the track of the neo-liberal context. This article identifies the changes produced in radio market from 2010 to 2015 by this change, analysing the strategies of radio stations that are reported to the Portuguese regulation media agency. The following trends were identified: a concentration strategy followed by major media groups in Portugal, through formal ownership transactions and through strategic partnerships with local broadcasters; little investment by small scale radio groups at the regional level; a strategic option in live music events, musical content and disinvestment in news; a branding association between radios and music festivals. Over the time, radio has become even more commercial-oriented (with some stations even adopting the name of telecommunications brands) and has gone outside the airwaves, which has reinforced the weight of non-traditional revenues (NTR) of their operations.

The ‘radio service’: Religion and ABC national radio
Authors: John Potts

This article discusses religious broadcasting in Australia on Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) Radio during the 1940s and 1950s. ABC policy in this period was strictly ecumenical, at a time when Protestant/Catholic sectarian bitterness was a significant social issue in Australia. The article considers the ABC’s motivation for this ecumenical policy, as well as the broadcasting strategies employed in pursuit of this approach. ABC religious broadcasting is considered as part of the ABC’s contribution to a national conversation on religion, tolerance and national culture.

Music in Samuel Beckett’s radio play Embers: ‘I shouldn’t be hearing that!’
Authors: Lucy Jeffery

This article explores how Samuel Beckett’s use of music in his 1957 radio play Embers is linked to our understanding of the experience of memory and storytelling. It reconsiders how Beckett’s use of the radio medium both informs and is informed by his lifelong interest in music. Beckett’s well-known attitudes towards storytelling – his struggle to express, interest in ambiguity, and resistance to neat conclusions – are revisited with close attention paid to his attempt to express the ineffable. The article argues that Beckett’s simultaneous need for and resistance to storytelling finds its voice in the impossibility of describing music. It suggests that this implicit tension is essential not only in terms of listening to Embers, but also becomes an increasingly central and knotty element of Beckett’s creative process. Hence, the article claims that Beckett can be read alongside twentieth-century composers such as Arnold Schoenberg and Paul Hindemith. In its use of Theodor Adorno and Vladimir Jankélévitch, the analysis employs musicological readings of Beckett’s radio play to demonstrate how Beckett’s use of music complicates, rather than facilitates, our experience of memory and storytelling.

The Family Nagashi: Anti-racist radio and the Japanese internment
Authors: Matthew A. Killmeier

This article provides a cultural history of The Family Nagashi, a 1945 propaganda play by Arch Oboler focused on combatting racism against Japanese Americans returning home from the wartime internment camps and military service. It situates the play in the historical contexts of wartime US racism towards Japanese Americans, the collaborative nature of US wartime propaganda and the uses of ethnic soldiers in wartime propaganda to promote tolerance. The author argues that the play provides a poetic argument that relies heavily on an affective narrative to support the efforts of the US government to resettle Japanese Americans immediately after the war. The play draws on materials provided by the US government, which was a common collaborative practice in wartime propaganda, in its attempt to persuade listeners that Japanese Americans are assimilated Americans, to combat racism against them and to forward a message of tolerance and pluralism.

The spontaneous discourse of radio presenters in states of security emergency
Authors: Ella Ben-Atar And Smadar Ben-Asher

Scholars from various research disciplines have focused on ways of helping a civilian population withstand mass natural or human-instigated disasters. The present study examines the theoretical principles suggested by Hobfoll et al. (safety, calming, efficacy, connectedness and hope) by an analysis of the spontaneous discourse of educational radio presenters during emergency broadcasts when the region’s residents live under the constant danger of rocket fire. This study analysed 198 broadcasting hours sampled from three different periods of military conflict (2008−14). The radio presenters’ spontaneous discourse was analysed by content, drawing a distinction between resilience-promoting (function) and resilience-impairing (dysfunction) messages. The findings show that despite the presenters’ intention to help the community contend with the difficult situation, numerous resilience-impairing messages also appeared in their spontaneous discourse. The present study contributes by providing an additional layer of theoretical research on interventions in community stress situations and looks at utilizing the potential inherent in educational radio as a tool to aid development of community resilience.

Book Reviews
Authors: Pedro Roxo And Anya Luscombe

Music and the Broadcast Experience: Performance, Production and Audiences, Christina L. Baade and James Deaville (eds) (2016) Across the Waves: How the United States and France shaped the International Age of Radio, Derek W. Vaillant (2017)
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