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[Commlist] Workshop: Reflecting on Power and AI: The Case of GPT-3
Thu Jan 14 15:03:02 GMT 2021
*Workshop of the Society for Phenomenology and Media*
*Reflecting on Power and AI: The Case of GPT-3*
*/Date:/*February 18^th 2021, 09:00 – 18:45 (GMT-8), 18:00 – 19:45 (CET)
*/Location:/*Zoom, link will be provided later.
*/Speakers:/*Dr. James Steinhoff (eScience Institute at the University
of Washington, USA), Dr. Olya Kudina (TU Delft, The Netherlands), Dr.
Bas de Boer (University of Twente, The Netherlands)
*/Registration:/*No registration needed.
You are all cordially invited to the workshop/Reflecting on Power and
AI: The Case of GPT-3/.
One of the latest hallmarks of current boom in Artificial Intelligence
(AI) isGenerative Pre-Trained Transformer 3 (GPT-3), an unprecedentedly
powerful autoregressive language model that uses deep learning to
produce human-like texts ranging from historical fiction to functional
code (Floridi & Chiriatti 2020). For the philosopher David Chalmers,
GPT-3 is the most interesting and important AI system ever produced, and
is suggested to be the first AI system displaying signs of general
intelligence (Chalmers 2020). The possibilities presented by GPT-3 give
rise to an array of ethical and political concerns that will be explored
in this workshop: How to deal with potential biases GPT-3 inherited from
training data? Can and should we use artificial language models to
displace human workers? What role will language play in our lives when
we know that it is often algorithmically produced? Can GPT-3 be used to
eliminate existing inequalities, or is it likely to increase those? Last
but not least, what can the companies behind GPT-3 do to ensure a
responsible development and use of their product?
The goal of this workshop is to explore the abovementioned issues from
the perspective of two different philosophical approaches that each have
a distinct outlook on the role of technologies in contemporary society
but have rarely been put in conversation: Marxist media theory and the
Technological Mediation Approach (TMA). In the first case, AI is
approached as first and foremost an/automation technology/and is thus
situated in the context of its commercial/industrial development and
deployment. However, the Marxist approach also entails an ontological
dimension insofar as it insists that capital (and its technologies)
revolve around the central directive of the increase of the “real
abstraction” of value, which is immaterial while configuring the
concrete world. Two very different schools of Marxist theory will be
drawn upon: labour process theory and value-form Marxism. In the second
case,, AI can be approached as a/mediating technology/, through which
the primary concern becomes how it shapes the way human beings
understand and experience themselves and the world around them. In this
workshop, we will use the framework of TMA to analyze how technologies
generally shape our being-in-the-world, and point to how they do so very
differently when integrated into different practices. After having
outlined these two different perspectives, a plenary discussion will
take place where the relevance of each of these perspectives for
analysing the societal impact of GPT-3 will be explored.
An article will be distributed approximately one week before the date on
which the workshop will take place.
09:00 – 09:15 (GMT-8) / 18:00 – 18:15 (CET): General introduction and an
introduction into GPT-3
09:15 – 09:45 (GMT-8) / 18:15 – 18:45 (CET): Marxist media theory and
GPT-3 (James Steinhoff) – Title: TBA
09:45 – 10:15 (GMT-8) / 18:45 – 19:15 (CET): The Technological Mediation
Approach and GPT-3 (Olya Kudina & Bas de Boer) – Title: TBA
10:15 – 10:45 (GMT-8) / 19:15 – 19:45 (CET): Discussion with audience
about the two approaches in relation to GPT-3
/James// Steinhoff/is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the eScience Institute at
the University of Washington. His research interests include algorithmic
media theory, political economy, philosophy of technology and Marxism.
He is author of /Automation and Autonomy: Labour, Capital and Machines
in the Artificial Intelligence Industry/ (2021, Palgrave) and co-author
of /Inhuman Power: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of
Capitalism/ (2019, Pluto).
/Bas de Boer/is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Twente,
The Netherlands. His research interests are in the philosophy of science
technology, (post-)phenomenology, and the philosophy of medicine.
Recently, his monograph/How Scientific Instruments Speak:
Postphenomenology and Technological Mediations in Neuroscientific
Practice/(2021, Lexington) was published.
/Olya Kudina/is an Assistant Professor in the Ethics of Technology at
Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. She explores the role
of technology in the sense-making processes and the
technologically-induced value change. Her research interests span across
the intersection of (post)phenomenology, design, bioethics and AI.
Chalmers, D. (2020). “GPT-3 and General
Floridi, L., and M. Chiriatti. (2020). “GPT-3: Its Nature, Scope,
Limits, and Consequences.”/Minds and Machines/30, 681-694.
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